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1 102 Allen, E. R., and W. T. Neill. 1951. The gopher. Florida Wildlife 5(7):10, 32.
2 117 Allen, E. R., and W. T. Neill. 1953. Juveniles of the tortoise Gopherus polyphemus. Copeia 1953:128.
3 10071 Amatuli, K. C. 2012. Population structure and nest success of gopher tortoises (Gopherus polyphemus), and vegetative response to prescribed burning in northeast Florida. M.S. Thesis, University of North Florida, Jacksonville, Florida, USA. 91pp.
4 10199 Amatuli, K., and J. A. Butler. 2011. Population structure and nest success of gopher tortoises (Gopherus poylphemus) and vegetative response to prescribed burning in Northeast Florida. Abstract in 33rd Annual Meeting of the Gopher Tortoise Council, 14–16 October 2011, Orlando, Florida, USA.
5 579 Arata, A. A. 1959. Notes on the eggs and young of Gopherus polyphemus (Daudin). Quarterly Journal of the Florida Academy of Sciences 21:274–280.
6 8392 Ashton, K. G., R. L. Burke, and J. N. Layne. 2007. Geographic variation in body and clutch size of gopher tortoises. Copeia 2007:355–363.
7 9045 Ashton, R. E., and P. S. Ashton. 2008. The natural history and management of the gopher tortoise Gopherus polyphemus (Daudin). Krieger, Malabar, Florida, USA. 275pp.
8 6946 Ashton, R. E., Jr., and P. S. Ashton. 2004. The gopher tortoise: a life history. Pineapple Press, Sarasota, Florida, USA. 72pp.
9 667 Auffenberg, W., and J. B. Iverson. 1979. Demography of terrestrial turtles. Pages 541–569 in M. Harless and H. Morlock, editors. Turtles: perspectives and research. John Wiley & Sons, New York, New York, USA.
10 961 Berish, J. E. 1992. Effects of large-scale clearcutting on a previously-marked gopher tortoise population. Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Statewide Wildlife Research Final Performance Report Study No. 7537, Tallahassee, Florida, USA. 22pp.
11 969 Berish, J. E. 1996. Follow-up demographic survey of a previously-studied gopher tortoise population. Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission Final Report Study No. 7537, Tallahassee, Florida, USA. 14pp.
12 7520 Brown, M., L. Wendland, C. Perez-Heydrich, P. Klein, M. Allen, J. Berish, and M. Oli. 2005. URDT and the environmentally-threatened gopher tortoise: statewide population surveys and acute URTD disease outbreak. Pages 6–7 (abstract) in 30th Annual Meeting and Symposium of the Desert Tortoise Council, 18–20 February 2004, Tucson, Arizona, USA.
13 1226 Burke, R. L. 1987. An experimental relocation and reintroduction of a gopher tortoise population. M.S. Thesis, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA. 49pp.
14 1263 Butler, J. A. 1991. Detection and protection of gopher tortoise egg nests. Page 48 (abstract) in Proceedings of the Joint Meeting of the 34th Annual Meeting of the Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles and 39th Annual Meeting of the Herpetologists' League, 6–11 August 1991, Penn State University, University Park, Pennsylvania, USA.
15 1268 Butler, J. A., and T. W. Hull. 1996. Reproduction of the tortoise, Gopherus polyphemus, in northeastern Florida. Journal of Herpetology 30:14–18.
16 7621 Colson-Moon, J. C. 2003. Reproductive characteristics, multiple paternity and mating system in a Central Florida population of the gopher tortoise, Gopherus polyphemus. M.S. Thesis, University of South Florida, Tampa, Florida, USA. 69pp.?
17 6867 Colson-Moon, J., H. Mushinsky, E. McCoy, and S. Karl. 2003. Multiple paternity and mating system in the gopher tortoise. Page 31 (abstract) in Gopher Tortoise Council 25th Anniversary Meeting, 3–5 October 2003, Wekiwa Springs State Park, Apopka, Florida, USA.
18 1691 Cutts, W. 1992. Gopher tortoise reproduction Caladesi Island. Florida Department of Natural Resources, Office of Land Use Planning and Biological Services, Resource Management Notes 4(1):3.
19 1839 Diemer Berish, J. E., and C. T. Moore. 1993. Gopher tortoise response to large-scale clearcutting in northern Florida. Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the Southeastern Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies 47:419–426.
20 10255 Diemer Berish, J. E., and E. H. Leone. 2014. Follow-up demographic survey of a Florida gopher tortoise population. Southeastern Naturalist 13:639–648.
21 1814 Diemer, J. E. 1984. Gopher tortoise status and harvest impact determination: a progress report. Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission, Wildlife Research Laboratory, Gainesville, Florida, USA. 51pp. (Unpublished Report)
22 1823 Diemer, J. E. 1989. Gopherus polyphemus gopher tortoise. Pages 14–16 in I. R. Swingland and M. W. Klemens, editors. The conservation biology of tortoises. Occasional Papers of the IUCN Survival Committee No. 5.
23 1828 Diemer, J. E. 1990. Reproductive biology of gopher tortoises in north-central Florida. Page 78 (abstract) in Proceedings of the 70th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists, 6th Annual Meeting of the American Elasmobranch Society, 5th North American Meeting of the Society of the History of Natural History, and 16th Annual Meeting of the Southeastern Fishes Council, 14–20 June 1990, College Charleston, Charleston, South Carolina, USA.
24 1833 Diemer, J. E., and C. T. Moore. 1994. Reproduction of gopher tortoises in north-central Florida. Pages 129–137 in R. B. Bury and D. J. Germano, editors. Biology of North American tortoises. U.S. Department Interior National Biological Survey, Fish and Wildlife Research 13, Washington, D.C.
25 1991 Dodd, C. K., Jr. 1988. Desert and gopher tortoises: perspectives on conservation approaches. Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Gopher Tortoise Council 5:54–72.
26 2277 Epperson, D. M., and L. D. Wendland. 1997. Gopherus polyphemus (gopher tortoise). Nesting. Herpetological Review 28:87.
27 2360 Fisher, G. C. 1917. "Gopher pulling" in Florida. American Museum Journal 17:291–293.
28 2407 Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission. 1987. 1986–87 annual report. Tallahassee, Florida, USA. 32pp.
29 2409 Florida Game and Fresh Water Fish Commission. 1988. 1987–88 annual report. Tallahassee, Florida, USA. 32pp.
30 2422 Floyd, J. M. 1985. The miracle of life. Tortoise Burrow, Bulletin of the Gopher Tortoise Council 5(17):5.
31 2483 Franz, R. 1986. The Florida gopher frog and the Florida pine snake as burrow associates of the gopher tortoise in northern Florida. Pages 16–20 in Proceedings of the 5th Annual Meeting of the Gopher Tortoise Council, Gainesville, Florida, USA.
32 2590 Germano, D. J. 1994. Comparative life histories of North American tortoises. Pages 175–185 in R. B. Bury and D. J. Germano, editors. Biology of North American tortoises. U.S. Department Interior National Biological Survey, Fish and Wildlife Research 13, Washington, D.C.
33 2826 Hallinan, T. 1923. Observations made in Duval County, northern Florida, on the gopher tortoise (Gopherus polyphemus). Copeia 1923:11–20.
34 2862 Harcourt, H. 1889. Home life in Florida. John P. Morton and Company, Louisville, Kentucky, USA. 433pp.
35 9662 Hathaway, A. L. 2012. Availability and quality of vegetation affects reproduction of the gopher tortoise (Gopherus polyphemus) in improved pastures. M.S. Thesis, University of South Florida, Tampa, Florida, USA.
36 10196 Hathaway, A. L., T. W. Hentges, E. D. McCoy, and H. R. Mushinsky. 2011. Relocating gopher tortoises to a cattle ranch. How does reproductive output vary between years and resident and relocated females? Abstract in 33rd Annual Meeting of the Gopher Tortoise Council, 14–16 October 2011, Orlando, Florida, USA.
37 2923 Hawkins, R. 1993. Gopher tortoise restocking—research needs. Tortoise Burrow, Bulletin of The Gopher Tortoise Council 13(3):8–9.
38 3005 Hermann, E. 1983. Survival of the gopher tortoise: who cares anyway? Tortoise Burrow, Bulletin of the Gopher Tortoise Council 3(8):1–3.
39 9953 Hipps, A., and J. Butler. 2012. Nesting and reproduction of the gopher tortoise, Gopherus polyphemus, in northeastern Florida. Page 15 (abstract) in Abstract submissions for the 34th Annual Gopher Tortoise Council Meeting, Bainbridge, Georgia, USA.
40 3148 Hubbard, H. G. 1893. The Florida land tortoise-gopher, Gopherus polyphemus. Science 22:57–58.
41 3180 Hutt, A. 1967. The gopher tortoise, a versatile vegetarian. Florida Wildlife 21(7):20–24.
42 3211 Iverson, J. B. 1980. The reproductive biology of Gopherus polyphemus (Chelonia: Testudinidae). American Midland Naturalist 103:353–359.
43 8926 Jimenez, M. 2008. Survey of hatching success of the gopher tortoise, Gopherus polyphemus, at Pumpkin Hill Creek State Preserve in Northeast Florida for the 2007 nesting season. Florida Scientist 71(Supplement 1):55 (abstract).
44 3410 Jones, W. 1994. Go-pher-it! Florida Department of Environmental Protection, Office of Resource Management, Resource Management Notes 6(2):8.
45 3464 Kenefick, J. H. 1954. Observations in egg laying of the tortoise Gopherus polyphemus. Copeia 1954:228–229.
46 3649 Landers, J. L., W. A. McRae, and J. A. Garner. 1982. Growth and maturity of the gopher tortoise in southwestern Georgia. Bulletin of the Florida State Museum, Biological Sciences 27:81–110.
47 3793 Linley, T. R. 1987. Proximate organic composition of energy content of eggs and hatchlings of the gopher tortoise, Gopherus polyphemus (Daudin). M.S. Thesis, University of South Florida, Tampa, Florida, USA. 43pp.
48 3794 Linley, T. R. 1988. Tortoise density, age/size class distribution and reproductive parameters of a central Florida population of Gopherus polyphemus. Proceedings of Annual Meeting of the Gopher Tortoise Council 5:21–32.
49 3890 Macdonald, L. 1995. Relocations, exasperation—a survey of refuges and refugees. Tortoise Burrow, Bulletin of the Gopher Tortoise Council 15(1):13.
50 3894 Macdonald, L. A. 1994. Reintroduction of gopher tortoises, Gopherus polyphemus, to reclaimed phosphate-mined land. Abstract in a symposium on the status and conservation of Florida turtles, 2–3 April 1994, Eckerd College, St. Petersburg, Florida, USA.
51 3895 Macdonald, L. A. 1996. Reintroduction of gopher tortoises (Gopherus polyphemus) to reclaimed phosphate land. Florida Institute Phosphate Research Publication No. 03-105-126, Bartow, Florida, USA.
52 4077 McLaughlin, G. S. 1990. Ecology of gopher tortoises (Gopherus polyphemus) on Sanibel Island, Florida. M.S. Thesis, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa, USA. 115pp.
53 7718 Moon, J. C., E. D. McCoy, H. R. Mushinsky, and S. A. Karl. 2006. Multiple paternity and breeding system in the gopher tortoise, Gopherus polyphemus. Journal of Heredity 97:150–157.
54 9335 Moore, J. A. 2005. Evidence for year-round reproduction in gopher tortoises (Gopherus polyphemus) from southeastern Florida. Page 16 (abstract) in 27th Annual Gopher Tortoise Council Meeting, 7−9 October 2005, Palatka, Florida, USA.
55 4523 Mushinsky, H. R. 1994. Ecology of the gopher tortoise. Pages 75–79 in G. Aguirrie, E. D. McCoy, and H. R. Mushinsky, organizers. North American Tortoise Conference, 8–12 October 1994, Durango, Mexico.
56 4543 Mushinsky, H. R., E. D. McCoy, and D. S. Wilson. 1994. Responses of gopher tortoise to habitat fragmentation. Abstract in a symposium on the status and conservation of Florida turtles, 2–3 April 1994, Eckerd College, St. Petersburg, Florida, USA.
57 4683 Nicol, E. 1984. We did it, we did it! Tortoise Burrow, Bulletin of the Gopher Tortoise Council 4(12):5.
58 4765 Osterman, T. R. 1985. Tortoise density, age/size class distribution and reproductive output in a central Florida population of Gopherus polyphemus. Tortoise Burrow, Bulletin of the Gopher Tortoise Council 5(14):2–3.
59 4814 Palmer, B. D. 1987. Histology and functional morphology of the female reproductive tract of the tortoise, Gopherus polyphemus. M.S. Thesis, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA. 87pp.
60 4817 Palmer, B. D., and L. G. Guillette, Jr. 1990. Morphological changes in the oviducal endometrium during the reproductive cycle of the tortoise, Gopherus polyphemus. Journal of Morphology 204:323–333.
61 4816 Palmer, B. D., and L. J. Guillette, Jr. 1988. Histology and functional morphology of the female reproductive tract of the tortoise Gopherus polyphemus. American Journal of Anatomy 183:200–211.
62 6845 Pike, D. A., and L. Pierpont. 2003. Gopherus polyphemus (gopher tortoise). Nesting. Herpetological Review 34:240–241.
63 5090 Reid, G. K. 1991. The gopher tortoise: landlord of the sandhills. Florida Naturalist 64(1):3–5.
64 8606 Riedl, S. C. 2006. The effects of gopher tortoise (Gopherus polyphemus) translocation on movements, reproductive activity, and body condition of resident and translocated individuals in Central Florida. University of South Florida, Tampa, Florida, USA. 39pp.
65 8450 Root, K. V., and J. Barnes. 2006. Risk assessment for a focal set of rare and imperiled wildlife in Florida. Final Report for FWC Contract No. 03111, Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, Tallahassee, Florida, USA. 248pp.
66 10256 Rothermel, B. B., and T. D. Castellón. 2014. Factors influencing reproductive output and egg size in a southern population of gopher tortoises. Southeastern Naturalist 13:705–720.
67 5470 Small, C. R. 1997. Reproduction and growth in relocated and resident gopher tortoises (Gopherus polyphemus) on reclaimed phosphate-mined lands. M.S. Thesis, University of Central Florida, Orlando, Florida, USA. 107pp.
68 6758 Small, C. R., and L. A. MacDonald. 2001. Reproduction and growth in relocated and resident gopher tortoises (Gopherus polyphemus) on reclaimed phosphate-mined lands: final report. Florida Institute of Phosphate Research Publication No. 03-105-145, Bartow, Florida, USA. 60pp.
69 5471 Small, C. R., L. A. MacDonald, and L. Hoffman. 1994. The effects of reintroduction on reproduction of gopher tortoises (Gopherus polyphemus) in west-central Florida. Florida Scientist 57(Supplement 1):36 (abstract).
70 5472 Small, C. R., L. A. MacDonald, and L. Hoffman. 1994. The effects of reintroduction on reproduction of gopher tortoises. Abstract in a symposium on the status and conservation of Florida turtles, 2–3 April 1994, Eckerd College, St. Petersburg, Florida, USA.
71 5497 Smith, L. L. 1992. Nesting ecology, female home range and activity patterns, and hatchling survivorship in the gopher tortoise (Gopherus polyphemus). M.S. Thesis, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA. 106pp.
72 5500 Smith, L. L. 1995. Nesting ecology, female home range and activity, and population size-class structure of the gopher tortoise, Gopherus polyphemus, in the Katharine Ordway Preserve, Putnam County, Florida. Bulletin of the Florida Museum of Natural History 37, Part I(4):97–126.
73 10073 Smith, R. S. 2012. Demography and reproductive biology of the gopher tortoise (Gopherus polyphemus) population at White Oak Plantation, Nassau County, Florida. M.S. Thesis, University of North Florida, Jacksonville, Florida, USA. 65pp.
74 5546 Spillan, T. 1982. Patrick's project. Florida Wildlife 35(6):32–35.
75 8544 Strattan, M. 2007. Breeding season and fecundity of Gopherus polyphemus in South Florida. B.A. Honors Thesis, Wilkes Honors College of Florida Atlantic University Jupiter, Florida, USA. 27pp.
76 7886 Szabo, V. 2005. Evidence for year-round reproduction in Gopherus polyphemus. B.A. Thesis, Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, Florida, USA. 22pp.
77 5740 Taylor, R. W., Jr. 1982. Seasonal aspects of the reproductive biology of the gopher tortoise, Gopherus polyphemus. Dissertation, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA. 90pp.
78 7258 Waddle, J. H. 2000. The effect of habitat on the distribution and mating opportunities of female gopher tortoises, Gopherus polyphemus. M.S. Thesis, Florida International University, Miami, Florida, USA. ?pp.
79 5992 Waddle, J. H., C. Guyer, and S. M. Hermann. 2000. The effect of habitat on the distribution patterns and mating opportunities of gopher tortoises, Gopherus polyphemus. Page 365 (abstract) in Joint Meeting of the 80th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists, 16th Annual Meeting of the American Elasmobranch Society, Neotropical Ichthyological Association, 48th Annual Meeting of the Herpetologists' League, Canadian Association of Herpetologists, and the 43rd Annual Meeting of the Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles; 14–20 June 2000, Universidad Autonoma de Baja California Sur, La Paz, Baja California Sur, Mexico.
80 9597 White, C. 2010. Gopher tortoise (Gopherus polyphemus) habitat selection, health, and fecundity. Dissertation, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA.
81 10462 White, K. N., B. B. Rothermel, K. R. Zamudio, and T. D. Tuberville. 2018. Male body size predicts reproductive success but not within-clutch paternity patterns in gopher tortoises (Gopherus polyphemus). Journal of Heredity 109:?.
82 6148 Williams, J. L. 1962. The Territory of Florida or sketches of the topography, civil and natural history, of the country, the climate, and the Indian tribes, from the first discovery to the present time. [A facsimile reproduction of the 1837 edition, with an introduction by Herbert J. Doherty, Jr.] University of Florida Press, Gainesville, Florida, USA. 304pp.
83 6149 Williams, J. L. 1976. A view of West Florida. [A facsimile reproduction of the 1827 edition with an introduction and index by Herbert J. Doherty, Jr.] University Presses of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, USA. 178pp.

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